Top 5 most common mental disorders in humans

First of all I’m going to share with you guys a common misconception among many of us. We have always tried to pretend like mental disorders are rare but no matter how much we try to ignore them they are real. If I was to tell you how many people in this world are diagnosed with mental disorders annually you would be surprised.

Most often we are so concerned about our physical health and well being that we almost forget about our mental health. There are also many cases in which the person knows he/she has such symptoms that relate to a certain mental disorder but they still keep lying to themselves because they are too scared of even accepting the possibility of being sick. You might be wondering why would anyone in their senses do something like that well the answer is pretty simple it’s because of the fear of being judged and not accepted by others.

I think it’s pretty sad that instead of making someone who is going through a bad phase feel better we make things even worse for them. I mean how can we forget that if they are in that place today we could also be in the same place or even worse tomorrow. Someone wise once said ‘Treat others the way you would want them to treat you. I think I’ve said allot more than I had to so without wasting any time let’s start off with the very first mental disorder on my list of the top five most common mental health disorders

1. Phobia

Number one on my list of the most common mental disorders it’s phobia. Now what exactly is a phobia? Phobia is an anxiety disorder involving irrational and persistent fear of an object or situation that lasts for more than six months. This condition could also trigger panic attacks. Now there are three kinds of phobias number one being specific phobia which is defined as the fear of animals or objects. Another type is agoraphobia which is defined as the fear of leaving home or a small safe area. The last type of phobia is a social phobia in which the person diagnosed would have a fear of the society or other people judging you.

2. Depression

Depression also known as a major depressive disorder is a very common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and the way you act. Depression causes feelings of sadness and a load of interest in activities that you once used to enjoy. What makes depression even more dangerous is the fact that most people take it too lightly . Many of them don’t even bother consulting a psychiatrist until it gets too late. 2 – 7 % of adults diagnosed with depression commit suicide . Other symptoms include low self esteem , low energy, guilt, isolation and sleeping disorder.

3. Bipolar

Bipolar is a mental disorder which is characterised by unusual mood swings . Someone diagnosed with this disorder often experiences shifts between elevated moods which are known as highs or periods of mania and lows which are known as periods of depression. In periods of mania you may experience symptoms such as high energy, loss of touch with reality and reduced need for sleep on the other hand in depressive periods you may experience low energy, low motivation and loss of interest.

4. ADHD

ADHD is the short term for attention deficit hyper activity disorder. ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed mental disorder in children. This disorder makes it difficult for a person to pay attention and control impulsive behaviors. Even though the symptoms of ADHD begin in childhood it can continue in adolescence and adulthood. Some of the most common symptoms of ADHD include interrupting, unfinished tasks, fidgetiness and lack of focus.

5. Panic disorder

Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder and is one of the most common mental disorders worldwide. It is characterised by sudden episodes of fear and panic attacks which typically last about ten minutes or so. The most common symptoms of a panic disorder are sweating, shaking, palpitations, rapid heart beat, numbness and shortness of breath.

Written by : Ahmed Shah

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